The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) has identified Lagos State as the epicenter of a significant cholera outbreak in Nigeria.

According to the latest data on the NCDC website, as of week 25, Lagos State recorded 104 new cases out of the country’s total of 113 cases for the week. This outbreak resulted in seven deaths nationwide, with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 6.1 percent in Lagos.

Ogun State reported seven cases, while Katsina had one case. Over the past month, Lagos State alone reported 533 suspected cholera cases, contributing significantly to the national total of 576 cases.

Other states with reported cases include Ogun (19), Rivers (9), Katsina (8), Oyo (2), Abia (2), Bayelsa (2), and Sokoto (1).

The NCDC noted that there were 32 deaths across the country in the past month, with a CFR of 5.6 percent, significantly higher than the national expected average of one percent.

Efforts to diagnose and control the outbreak included 217 Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT), of which 17 were positive, and 232 stool culture tests, with 28 positive results. The National Multi-sectoral Cholera Technical Working Group (TWG) continues to oversee and coordinate response efforts across the affected states.

As of June 23, 2024, Nigeria reported a total of 1,579 suspected cholera cases and 54 deaths (CFR 3.4 percent) across 32 states.

The age groups most affected were children under five years old, followed by those aged 5-14 years, with an equal distribution between males and females.

Lagos State leads with 537 cases, accounting for 34 percent of the national total. In Bayelsa State, Southern Ijaw LGA reported 151 cases, making up 10 percent of the country’s total. Other significantly affected states include Bayelsa (466), Abia (109), Zamfara (64), Bauchi (46), Katsina (45), Cross River (43), Ebonyi (38), Rivers (37), Delta (34), Imo (28), Ogun (21), Nasarawa (19), Ondo (17), Kano (13), Niger (11), and Osun (11).